Ученые из России нашли замену алмазам

24 July 2019 | Автор: irisha | Теги: , , новости

До сих пор крепче алмазов ученые так и не смогли ничего придумать, как бы они не ломали голову. Но российским химикам улыбнулась удача. После подробного анализа элементов таблицы Менделеева они смогли составить несколько соединений, которые вполне смогут по своим свойствам заменить алмазы.

1526726155_0_0_3000_1997_1440x900_80_0_1_94b835b37e867dd896002a95b102129d Ученые из России нашли замену алмазам

Над поиском альтернативы алмазам работали химики из МФТИ и «Сколтеха». Они составили целый список соединений, которые по прочности ни в чем не будут уступать обычным алмазам, поэтому их можно будет использовать даже в буровых установках.

На самом деле в современном мире почти для всего можно найти достойную альтернативу. Например детали для скутера можно купить оригинальные или заменить их более дешевыми аналогами. На качестве работы это никак не скажется, но зато какую-то сумму сэкономить удастся.

По словам сотрудника «Сколтеха» и Московского Физхтеха Александра Квашина, российские ученые создали так называемую дорожную карту, с помощью которой экспериментаторы смогут более эффективно проводить поиски сверхтвердых материалов, подающих очень большие надежды.

Работа над этим проектом началась еще в 15 лет назад. Тогда известному российскому химику Артему Оганову удалось создать алгоритм, облегчающий определение свойств кристаллов при разных условиях. За все последующие годы этот алгоритм очень сильно усовершенствовался и позволил найти еще больше материалов, которые имеют огромный потенциал.

На сегодняшний день нет ни единого вещества, который был бы таким же твердым и устойчивым к повреждениям, как алмаз. Но зато ученые утверждают, что из уже известных науке веществ такие материалы можно синтезировать.

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